Working in a recording studio - Using the aux sends during a recording session

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Very rarely are effects used during the recording phase: what we want to hear is the exact sound of what has been recorded. This is why the auxiliary sends are especially used to create mixes for the musicians in the recording room to listen to through headphones (whereas, as we will see, the aux sends have a completely different use in the mixdown phase). Depending on the sends we have at our disposal we can create different kinds of mixes. A common situation is to have 4 aux sends available to create two different stereo mixes for the musicians. The aux sends take a copy of the signal (they can pick them up either from the main channel or the monitor channel through a switch) and they send it to an output whose level is controlled by a potentiometer called aux send master. In the mixer's master section there are controls for aux send outputs' levels. In our case (4 aux send) we'd have the following type of diagram:

Working in the recording studio - Usage of aux sends for monitor mixes

Usage of aux sends for monitor mixes

For example if we wanted to create a mix for the musicians which included the first 3 channels (channel 1: voice, channel 2: lead guitar, channel 3: rhythm guitar) we'd turn aux sends 1 and 2 for channels 1, 2 and 3, and the overall level of the mix will be controlled by the aux send master 1 and aux send master 2 potentiometers.


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